How To Fix 'Out of Memory' Errors in Photoshop

How To Fix ‘Out of Memory’ Errors in Photoshop

If you’re an avid Photoshop user, you know that feeling of frustration when you’re deep into an intricate project, and suddenly, that dreaded ‘Out of Memory‘ error message pops up. It’s a buzzkill that can bring your creative flow to a screeching halt. But fear not, because we’ve got your back. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through How To Fix ‘Out of Memory’ Errors in Photoshop.

How To Fix ‘Out of Memory’ Errors in Photoshop

Before we dive into solutions, let’s understand what causes the ‘Out of Memory’ error in Photoshop. This error usually occurs when your computer runs out of RAM (Random Access Memory) while processing a complex Photoshop project. It can be a result of working with large image files, numerous layers, or resource-intensive filters. So, let’s get started on resolving this issue.

Check Your System Requirements

The first step in tackling this issue is to ensure that your computer meets Photoshop’s minimum system requirements. Adobe provides detailed specifications for Photoshop, including minimum RAM, CPU, and storage requirements. To check your system specifications:

  1. Launch Photoshop: Open Photoshop and go to the ‘Help’ menu.
  2. Select ‘System Info’: Click on ‘System Info’ to access detailed information about your system and Photoshop’s requirements.

Compare the information displayed with Adobe’s recommended specifications. If your system falls short, consider upgrading your hardware to meet these requirements.

Optimize Photoshop’s Performance Settings

Adobe Photoshop offers several performance-enhancing settings that can help mitigate ‘Out of Memory’ errors. To access these settings:

  1. Open Photoshop: Launch Photoshop and go to the ‘Edit’ menu.
  2. Select ‘Preferences’: Under ‘Preferences,’ choose ‘Performance.’

Here, you’ll find a range of options to fine-tune Photoshop’s performance. Adjust the following settings to optimize your experience:

1. Memory Usage

Increase the allocated RAM to Photoshop, but be cautious not to exceed the physical RAM available on your system. Experiment with different values to find the optimal balance for your machine.

2. History States

Reduce the number of history states. While having a long history can be useful, it consumes memory. Lowering this number can free up valuable resources.

3. Graphics Processor Settings

If your computer has a dedicated graphics card, ensure that you’ve enabled GPU acceleration. This offloads some processing tasks from your CPU to the GPU, improving performance.

Work with Smarter File Management

Efficient file management can significantly impact Photoshop’s memory usage. Consider the following tips:

  1. Use Smart Objects: Convert layers to smart objects to reduce file size and memory consumption.
  2. Rasterize Layers When Necessary: Rasterizing complex vector layers can save memory.
  3. Delete Unused Layers: Keep your project tidy by removing layers you no longer need.
  4. Merge Layers: Combine multiple layers into one when appropriate to reduce the memory overhead.

Utilize 64-bit Photoshop

If you’re still encountering ‘Out of Memory’ errors despite optimizing your settings, make sure you’re using the 64-bit version of Photoshop. The 64-bit version can access larger amounts of RAM than its 32-bit counterpart, making it better suited for memory-intensive tasks.

Monitor Your System Resources

While working in Photoshop, keep an eye on your system’s resource usage. You can do this through the ‘Task Manager’ (Windows) or ‘Activity Monitor’ (macOS). If you notice that Photoshop is consuming an excessive amount of memory, consider closing other applications to free up resources.


Resolving ‘Out of Memory’ errors in Photoshop requires a combination of optimizing your system, adjusting Photoshop settings, and employing smart file management techniques. By following these steps, you can ensure that Photoshop runs smoothly, allowing you to unleash your creativity without the hindrance of memory issues. Remember, a well-tuned Photoshop environment is the canvas upon which your digital masterpieces are born.

Don’t let ‘Out of Memory’ errors stifle your creativity. With the right knowledge and adjustments, you can conquer these challenges and continue to create stunning visuals with Adobe Photoshop.

Masab Farooque is a Tech Geek, Writer, and Founder at The Panther Tech. He is also a lead game developer at 10StaticStudios. When he is not writing, he is mostly playing video games